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 BIOGRAPHY OF PRINCE MICHAEL PETROVIC-NJEGOS

(ºPodgorica 1.IX.1908, †Paris, France 24.III.1986)

By POLN, Chairman and Curator of The Njegoskij Fund Public Project

Photograph credit: © The Njegoskij Fund archives 2005

  

Third child of H.R.H. Prince Mirko Dimitri Petrovic-Njegos (º1879, †1918) and Natalija Constantinovic (º1882, †1950), young Prince Michael leaves Montenegro for exile at the age of six with the Royal Family, on January 20, 1916, when his father decides to stay in the country to continue peace pourparlers with Austria-Hungary.He is first entrusted to a private school in Naples, Italy, before rejoining his mother settled in Eastbourne, Sussex, UK  where he receives a primary education.On March 7, 1921, after the renouncement of his uncle Danilo, too marked by his German and Austrian friendships, Michael is proclaimed by the Government-in-exile, King dejure of Montenegro under the Regency of his Grandmother, Queen Milena.

This political decision is without effect on his life of teenager, and he normally completes his studies in France, at the Lakanal High School of Sceaux (Hauts de Seine), before entering Sciences Po Paris.From his majority as French citizen at the age of twenty-one, Prince Michael as Head of the Royal Family renounces any political role for him and his dynasty, recognises the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, and makes allegiance to his cousins Karadjordjevic, putting end to the Regency by General Anto Gvozdenovic on September 14, 1929. Contrary to his Grandfather, King Nikola I, who never accepted it, Michael receives a civil list from the
Kingdom S.C.S., as member of an old reigning family.

Tubercular, on the advices of his Parisian doctor, Prince Michael makes regular stays in spas of Bretagne, France, and it's in the train from Paris to St. Brieuc, Côtes-d'Armor, France that he meets his future spouse. On January 27, 1941, he marries in Paris (XIVe) Geneviève Prigent, daughter of François Prigent (º1883,†1947), surgeon in St. Brieuc, and Blanche Bitte (º1883, †1958).

Few months after their marriage, in April 1941, the couple who lives in Paris, is arrested by the Gestapo and transfered in the Nazi camp of Bad Homburg near Frankfurt, Germany. It is there that Prince Michael receives the representatives of the Italian Government who offer him the Crown of Montenegro, restored as an independent state on July 12, 1941 after the dividing of Yugoslavia. Michael refuses a Kingdom under wing of the IIIrd Reich and the Facist Italy of Mussolini, and reaffirms his trust in a unified Yugoslavia. Liberated during the autumn 1943, he is arrested again by Germans and imprisoned from June 1944 to April 1945.While he is in prison, on July 7, 1944 in Saint-Nicolas-du- Pelem, Côtes-d'Armor, France, is born his only son, Nicolas.

In 1948, the civil list given to him by Yugoslavia is suppressed by the new Communist Government. With the agreement of Tito who was appreciating the Prince's loyalty to a unified Yugoslavia, Michael and his wife decide to come back to Yugoslavia. They stay in Belgrade, and Michael holds a job of Head of the Protocol at the Ministry for Foreign Affairs. Prince Michael visits Montenegro, which he did not see since 1916. But, disappointed by the Titism, the family comes back to France after one year; it will only remain of this Yugoslav experience, the nickname given to Geneviève Prigent: “The Red Princess”.

On August 11, 1949 in Paris, his marriage with Geneviève Prigent is dissolved. After the divorce, she settles with Nicolas first in Paris, then in Trebeurden, Côtes-d'Armor, France where she holds a job of speech therapist. From that date, Prince Michael will only see his son some times per year.Back to France, Prince Michael finds a job of commercial agent, and occasionally of translator for the Headquarters of the Paris Police; his official activities as Prince of Montenegro are then reduced to almost nothing: A long trip in the United States to visit Yugoslav refugees, and the presidence of few royalist ceremonies.

Up to his death, on March 24, 1986 in Paris, Prince Michael has led a lonesome and very modest life, but worthy and without compromition, never using his glorious family name to enter society circles, nor to obtain financial contributions that would certainly have improved his very difficult situation; having worked only a short period of time in France, when retired, his pension was very small, in fact just enough to live... Prince Michael is buried at the Serbian Cemetery near Orly, Val de Marne, France.


Funeral service on April 1st, 1986 for Prince Michael Petrovic- Njegos. About two hundred
persons attended the Church service in the small Serbian Church of Paris, France. After
the religious ceremony, the Archbishop of the Serbian Church of Germany made a speech
evoking the life of Prince Michael


In the center, Prince Nikola; on his right, Hélène Hiolle; on his left, Baron Foran,
Duke of St. Bar, Official Representative of H.R.H. Crown Prince Alexander of
Yugoslavia; behind Prince Nikola, his spouse, Princess Francine; Princess Altinaï
and Prince Boris were absent

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[Flag of Montenegro] BIOGRAFIJA PRINCA MIHAILA PETROVICA - NJEGOSA
(ºPodgorica 1.IX.1908, †Paris, Francuska 24.III.1986)

Napisao POLN, predsjedavajuci i tutor Njegoskij Fond Javnog Projekta

Uzvor fotografija: © The Njegoskij Fund archives 2005 
prevod: Zoran V. Raicevic


 

Trece dijete Njegovog Kraljevskog Velicanstva Princa Mirka Dimitrija Petrovica Njegosa (º1879, †1918) i Natalije Konstantinovic (º1882, †1950), mladi princ Mihailo napušta Crnu Goru i odlazi u egzil sa šest godina sa Kraljevskom porodicom 20. Januara 1916, u trenutku kada je njegov otac odlucio da ostane u zemlji i nastavi mirovne pregovore sa Austro-Ugarskom. U pocetku je upisan u privatnu školu u Napulju u Italiji. Nakon toga, on se ponovo sastavio sa majkom koja je zivjela u Eastbourne, Sussex, Ujedinjeno Kraljevstvo gdje je stekao osnovno obrazovanje. 7. Marta 1921. godine, nakon što se njegov stric Danilo odrekao prijestola, na šta je uticalo i prijateljstvo sa Njemackom i Austrijom, Mihailo je proglasen od strane izbjeglicke Vlade Kraljem Crne Gore de jure pod regenstvom njegove Majke, Kraljice Milene.

Ova politicka odluka nije imala nekog uticaja na njegov život kao tinejdzera. On je normalno završio svoje studije u Francuskoj na Višoj Školi Lakanal High School of Sceaux (Hauts de Seine), nakon cega je nastavio studije pri  Sciences Po Paris.Kao Francuski državljanin, prije svega, sa svojih 22 godine, Princ Mihailo, kao vodja u Kraljevskoj porodici, odrekao se bilo kakve politicke uloge za svoje potrebe i potrebe dinastije, priznajuci Kraljevinu Srba, Hrvata i Slovenaca, pokorivši se svojim rodacima Karadjordjevicima i na taj nacin je okoncao period regenstva pod generalom Antom Gvozdenovicem 14. Septembra 1929. godine. Nasuprot njegovom djedu, Kralju Nikoli, Mihailo dobija civilni list od Kraljevine Srba, Hrvata i Slovenaca kao clan stare vladajuce porodice.

Bolujuci od  tuberkuloze, na preporuku svog pariskog doktora, Princ Mihailo  ostaje u banjama Bretagne u Francuskoj i u vozu od Pariza do St. Brieuc, Côtes-d'Armor on srece svoju buducu ženu. 27. Januara 1941. godine ženi se u Parizu sa Geneviève Prigent, kcerkom François Prigent (º1883, †1947), hirurgom u St. Brieuc i Blanche Bitte (º1883, †1958).

Nekoliko mjeseci poslije vjencanja, Aprila 1941. godine, ovaj par koji je živio u Parizu, uhapsen je od Gestapoa i prebacen u Nacisticki Koncetracioni Logor Bad Homburg blizu Hamburga u Njemackoj. Za to vrijeme, princ Mihailo je primio predstavnika Italijanske Vlade koja mu je ponudila Kraljevsku Krunu Crne Gore, nakon sto je kao nezavisna država ponovo uspostavljena nakon raspada Jugoslavije. Mihailo je odbio Kraljevinu pod krilom Treceg Rajha i Fašisticke Italije pod Musolinijem, i ponovio svoje vjerovanje u ujedinjenu Jugoslaviju. Nakon osobodjenja krajem 1943. godine, bio je ponovo uhapšen od strane Njemaca i zatvoren od Jula 1944. godine do Aprila 1945. godine.Za vrijeme dok je bio u zatvoru, 7 Jula 1944. godine u Saint-Nicolas-du- Pelem, Côtes-d'Armor u Francuskoj se rodiio njegov jedini sin, Nikola.

1948. godine, njegov civilni list je priznat od nove Komunisticke Vlade. Sporazumom sa Titom, koji je cijenio princevu lojalnost ujedinjenoj Jugoslaviji, Mihailo i njegova žena su odlucili da dodju u Jugoslaviju. Oni su boravili u Beogradu i Mihailo je obavljao posao kao Šef protokola u Ministarstvu Inostanih Poslova. Princ Mihailo je tada posjetio Crnu Goru, koju nije vidio od 1916. godine. Ali, razocarana titovim režimom, porodica se vratila nazad u Francusku nakon godinu dana. Od Jugoslovenskog iskustva ostao je samo nadimak koji je dodijeljen Geneviève
Prigent - " Crvena Princeza".

11. Avgusta 1949. godine, u Parizu, njegov brak je zapao u krizu. Nakon razvoda, njegova žena se odselila sa Nikolom, prvo u Pariz, pa onda u Trebeurden, Côtes-d'Armor, France, gdje je ona radila kao terapeut za govor. Od tog dana, Princ Mihail ce gledati sina nekoliko puta preko godine. Nakon povratka u Francusku, Princ Mihail je našao posao kao komercijalni agent i povremeno prevodilac za sjedište Pariske Policije. Njegove zvanicne aktivnosti kao Princa Crne Gore su smanjene gotovo na nulu. Jedino se mogu pomenuti jedan dug put u Sjedinjene Americke Drzave, posjeta Jugoslovenskim izbjeglicama, kao i prisustvo nekim kraljevskim ceremonijama.

Do njegove smrti, 24. Marta 1986.u Parizu, Princ Mihailo je vodio usamljenicki i umjeren zivot, ali karakteran i bez neke kompromitacije, nikad ne koristeci njegovo slavno porodicno ime da bi usao u drustvene krugove, ili da bi ostvario finansijske kontakte koji su mogli poboljsati njegovu vrlo tesku situaciju: radeci samo kratak period u Francuskoj, sa penzijom koja je bila vrlo mala, u stvari dovoljno samo za život. Princ Mihailo je sahranjen na Srpskom Groblju  blizu Orly, Val de Marne, u Francuskoj.

 

Sahrana Princa Mihaila Petrovica - Njegoša 1. Aprila 1986. godine. Oko dvije stotine
ljudi je prisustovalo crkvenoj ceremoniji u maloj Srpskoj Crkvi u Parizu, u Francuskoj.
Nakon vjerske ceremonije, Arhiepiskop Srpske Crkve u Njemackoj je održao govor u
kojem je evocirao uspomene na zivot Princa Mihaila
.



U centru, Princ Nikola ( II - prim. Z.V.R.), sa njegove desne strane Hélène Hiolle; sa
lijeve strane Baron Forann, vojvoda od St. Bar, zvanicni predstavnik Njegovog Kraljevskog
Visocanstva krunisani Princ Jugoslavije Aleksandar; iza Princa Nikole, njegova supruga,
Princeza Francine; Princeza Altinai i Princ Boris ( djeca Princa Nikole II - prim. Z.V.R.) su
bili odsutni.

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